This blog was updated in April 2017 and is intended as a flea/tick/heartworm/parasites product guide for our clients that live in the area of Moncton, Dieppe, Riverview, Salisbury, Scoudouc, Bouctouche, Shediac, Amherst, Memramcook, Cap Pele, etc.
Ticks, these little critters are so small, yet can cause such large issues, and their numbers just keep rising. Ticks can give you lyme disease! Help us reduce the tick population by treating all pets that go outdoors. Here is a 2012 Map about location of ticks submitted in Canada for testing. We have seen the numbers rise yearly in the past 2-3 years in NB. Cases of lyme disease in pets and people are on the rise!
Ticks can be found in tall grasses like those in parks, wooded areas and even the unkempt lawn of your home. Ticks do not jump but instead grab a hold to anything walking by from the tallest grasses they perch on. When a tick bites is is virtually unnoticeable and neither animal nor human will feel it, but the danger lies in the possible infections they can carry in that bite. Usually it takes 24-48 hours for an already attached tick to potentially transmit such diseases as follows.
- Lyme disease (transmitted by the deer tick)
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Relapsing fever
- Colorado tick fever
A great way to do prevention at home for yourself and pet is to do a quick shake down of your pet, feel for any lumps that are new or unusual . If a tick is found, there are few safe options/tips for you to follow.
- Never place any type of product or attempt to burn the tick, this will cause them to regurgitate which causes transmission of any disease we are avoiding in the first place.
- You can use a Tick twister/remover ( found at a clinic or pet store)
- To remove a tick, you must remove it from its attachment site, i.e. the head. By placing a tight grasp with your Tick Twister on the closet part to your animal’s skin, and slowly pulling while twisting at the same time should loosen and remove the tick. ( think of it as removing a nail with a hammer end)
- Wash your hands and if possible wear gloves! We are easily the next target for infection and disease.
- If you are unsure/uncomfortable with removing a tick, don’t hesitate to call your vet hospital. Our Veterinary technicians understand how to remove them and it is free of charge.
- Deer ticks are carriers for Lyme disease, if you remove a tick and are concerned in any way, bring it in to the clinic so we can send it away to test if it is a carrier.
- Once a tick (s) is removed it is a proper to clean the area and dispose of the tick in the correct fashion. If you wish not to send it away for analysis, make sure to kill the tick to keep others safe and control the population. Submersing the tick in alcohol is advised. In the long run, Keep an eye on the area the tick latched onto, there can be irritation and/or redness. If anything more arises such as lethargy, fever or any signs of sickness in your pet , you need to bring them in for an exam. Lyme especially can incubate in your pet and only show 6-8 weeks after the initial attachment. If your pet is exposed to ticks, there is a blood test that we can do 6-8 weeks after exposure to see if your pet has been exposed to lyme disease. The blood test cost is 67+tax and tests for 4 diseases: Canine Heartworm, Anaplasma, Borrelia and Lyme disease). The results of the blood are available the same day within 10-20 minutes. If you are concerned that your pet has been exposed to ticks, schedule a blood test with one of our technicians today!
Always check with your own veterinarian about what they recommend for your pet. Recommendations may vary depending on where you live.
PRODUCTS FOR TICKS IN DOGS: Advantage Multi DUO combo of Advantix and Advantage multi (for dogs only), Revolution (dogs and cats), Bravecto (dogs), Simparica (dogs) and Nexgard (dogs) are some products commonly used in Canada for ticks. Advantix is the only product that we sell that repels ticks, biting flies and mosquitoes. Advantix Multi DUO and Revolution are in a form of a liquid that is applied on the skin on the back. Bravecto, Simparica are pills.
The Advantage DUO consists of 2 tubes ( one tube of Advantage Multi and one tube of Advantix) that need to be applied at least 2 days a part and applied to 4 spots on the back. If you are applying Advantage Duo products, you apply in 4 spots on the skin on the back.
Advantix is very toxic to cats. We recommend applying the Advantix at night and separating cats and dogs from each other overnight until the product is dry. Once the product is dry, it is safe for cats and dogs to be in contact, the issue is the wet form of the product. On the other hand, Revolution is safe for cats and there is no need to separate your pets overnight unless they are licking the product off each other which would decrease its potency but not cause toxicity. Revolution does not repel ticks and does not kill ticks as fast as Advantix/Advantage Multi Duo.
PILL FORM PRODUCTS FOR TICKS (given by-mouth): Bravecto, Simparica and Nexgard are three types of pill products that areavailable. Bravecto kills ticks and fleas and it is a pill you give once every 3 months. If you want to use a pill form product, we do recommend combining Bravecto with Interceptor in order to cover fleas/ticks/heartworm and intestinal parasites.
** PRODUCT FOR TICKS IN CATS-CATS that go outdoors: At this time, because of the increase in ticks in New Brunswick, we do recommend that any outdoor cat be treated with Revolution to help reduce the population of ticks and human exposure to lyme disease.
PRODUCTS FOR FLEAS IN DOGS:
Advantage, Revolution(Selamectin),Program(Lufenuron),Advantix,Bravecto,Nexgard and Sentinel (Milbemycin oxime/Lufenuron). From the following, you can see there are numerous products to chose from , each with their own benefits.
There are also many products available at Walmart as well as different pet stores in the area, as an animal health care provider we do not recommend any of these products for flea treatment. Be in mind we have seen many pets being treated with these pet store products coming in for an exam as they are still being attacked by fleas. Unfortunately we also have seen many adverse reactions with pet store/Walmart products, they are not regulated and are pesticides, not medications. Just to have this is mind to know and be careful, if anything, please call your veterinary practice for information and tips.
PRODUCTS FOR FLEAS IN CATS:
Some vets will use Program injectable (Lufenuron) which requires a visit to the office. The veterinarian will administer an injection that lasts for 6 months and will prevent fleas from developing (Insect Growth Regulator). Otherwise, monthly topical products like Advantage Multi for fleas/skin mites/ear mites/intestinal worms or Revolution for cats to cover fleas/skin mites/ear mites/intestinal worms and ticks are available during the flea and tick season. To cover for tapeworms if your cat eats or hunts mice then Cestex, Milbemax or Profender are two options for tapeworms. Revolution and Advantage Multi do not treat for tapeworms.
HOW LONG TO TREAT OR PREVENT FOR?
In Moncton and surrounding areas, the flea season has changed in the past few years. It is now earlier than ever. We started to recommend Flea and Tick prevention products as early as April 1st this year. We do recommend treating until at least the end of November and possibly into December depending on how mild it is. We are now looking at a tick and flea season extending from 6 months and really going to almost 9 months of duration. Changes in the weather and seasons have impacted the risks of exposure to fleas and ticks.
New studies in Canada have shown that if the temperature gets above 4 Celsius, we can now see ticks. A tick will take about 24-48 hours to transmit Lyme disease to your pet, so if you do a daily check on your pet and pull the ticks before its attached for more than 2 days, you are reducing the risk of Lyme disease. If your pet goes to daycare, some are now advocating the year round deworming protocols and prevention of fleas and ticks.
If you have pets that go outdoors and some cats that stay inside, We would recommend you treat the ones that go outside only with a product that covers for fleas and ticks. If you do that, it reduces the need to use preventive products on your indoor furry friends!
PRODUCTS TO PREVENT HEARTWORM IN DOGS AND CATS:
Heartworm is transmitted by mosquitos.
Heartworm is transmitted by mosquitos. It is considered endemic in other provinces, in the USA and we are seeing more and more positive cases in the past year or so. We do recommend preventive measures for it. it is just a matter of time before it becomes a problem in our city. It is preventable by using products like Advantage Multi, Interceptor, Heartguard and Revolution.
The SNAP 4DX test we use to detect exposure to Lyme disease also tests for Heartworm. So, if you travel a lot with your furry friends, you should consider testing them for their previous exposures. Want to know if your pet has been exposed before using a preventive product, call us at 506-858-9900 to schedule a Lyme/Heartworm test with one of our veterinary technicians. Results are available within 20 minutes.
General guidelines in addition to using products.
Keep washing your pet’s bedding in hot water, or replace it regularly.
Pay attention to potential re-infestations due to contact with untreated animals.
Try to keep untreated animals out of your home living areas.
Vacuum and thoroughly dust your house regularly, paying particular attention to the areas where your pets eat, play and sleep.
Written by Dr Cindy Lizotte, DVM, MBA, CVFT (CHI institute), CVA (IVAS), Grad Dip Vet Western Herb Med (CIVT) Grad Dip Vet Chinese Herb Med CVHM (IVAS/CIVT)