This blog is intended as a guide for our clients in the area of Moncton, Dieppe, Riverview, Salisbury, Scoudouc, Bouctouche, Shediac, Amherst, Memramcook, Cap Pele, etc.
Ticks, these little critters are so small, yet can cause such large issues, and their numbers just keep rising.
Here is a 2012 Map about location of ticks submitted in Canada for testing. As you can see, they are prevalent in all the Atlantic Provinces and Quebec! We have seen the numbers rise yearly in the past 2-3 years in NB. Cases of lyme disease in pets and people are on the rise!
Ticks can be found in tall grasses like those in parks, wooded areas and even the unkempt lawn of your home. Ticks do not jump but instead grab a hold to anything walking by from the tallest grasses they perch on. When a tick bites is is virtually unnoticeable and neither animal nor human will feel it, but the danger lies in the possible infections they can carry in that bite. Usually it takes 24-48 hours for an already attached tick to potentially transmit such diseases as follows.
- Lyme disease (transmitted by the deer tick)
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Relapsing fever
- Colorado tick fever
A great way to do prevention at home for yourself and pet is to do a quick shake down of your pet, feel for any lumps that are new or unusual . If a tick is found, there are few safe options/tips for you to follow.
- Never place any type of product or attempt to burn the tick, this will cause them to regurgitate which causes transmission of any disease we are avoiding in the first place.
- You can use a Tick twister/remover ( found at a clinic or pet store)
- To remove a tick, you must remove it from its attachment site, i.e. the head. By placing a tight grasp with your Tick Twister on the closet part to your animal’s skin, and slowly pulling while twisting at the same time should loosen and remove the tick. ( think of it as removing a nail with a hammer end)
- Wash your hands and if possible wear gloves! We are easily the next target for infection and disease.
- If you are unsure/uncomfortable with removing a tick, don’t hesitate to call your vet hospital. Our Veterinary technicians understand how to remove them and it is free of charge.
- Deer ticks are carriers for Lyme disease, if you remove a tick and are concerned in any way, bring it in to the clinic so we can send it away to test if it is a carrier.
- Once a tick (s) is removed it is a proper to clean the area and dispose of the tick in the correct fashion. If you wish not to send it away for analysis, make sure to kill the tick to keep others safe and control the population. Submersing the tick in alcohol is advised. In the long run, Keep an eye on the area the tick latched onto, there can be irritation and/or redness. If anything more arises such as lethargy, fever or any signs of sickness in your pet , you need to bring them in for an exam. Lyme especially can incubate in your pet and only show 6-8 weeks after the initial attachment. If your pet is exposed to ticks, there is a blood test that we can do 6-8 weeks after exposure to see if your pet has been exposed to lyme disease. The blood test cost is 67+tax and tests for 4 diseases: Canine Heartworm, Anaplasma, Borrelia and Lyme disease). The results of the blood are available the same day within 10-20 minutes. If you are concerned that your pet has been exposed to ticks, schedule a blood test with one of our technicians today!
Always check with your own veterinarian about what they recommend for your pet. Recommendations may vary depending on where you live.
PRODUCTS FOR TICKS IN DOGS: Advantix (for dogs only), Revolution (dogs and cats), Bravecto (dogs) and Nexgard (dogs) are 4 products commonly used in Canada for ticks. Advantix contains imidacloprid, permethrin and pyriproxyfen. It repeals and starts killing ticks within 10 minutes, while Revolution starts to kill them after about 2 days. Advantix is the only product that we sell that repels ticks, biting flies and mosquitoes.
The Advantage DUO consists of 2 tubes ( one tube of Advantage Multi and one tube of Advantix) that need to be applied at least 2 days a part and applied to 4 spots on the back. If you are applying Advantage Duo products, you apply in 4 spots on the skin on the back.
Advantix is very toxic to cats. We recommend applying the Advantix at night and separating cats and dogs from each other overnight until the product is dry. Once the product is dry, it is safe for cats and dogs to be in contact, the issue is the wet form of the product. On the other hand, Revolution is safe for cats and there is no need to separate your pets overnight unless they are licking the product off each other which would decrease its potency but not cause toxicity.
** PRODUCT FOR TICKS IN CATS-CATS that go outdoors: At this time, because of the increase in ticks in New Brunswick, we do recommend that any outdoor cat be treated with Revolution instead of Advantage II in order to help reduce the population of ticks.
PILL FORM PRODUCTS FOR TICKS (given by-mouth): Bravecto and Nexgard are two type of pill products that we have available. Bravecto kills ticks and fleas and it is a pill you give once every 3 months. We do stock Bravetco and we can order in Nexgard. If you want to use a pill form product, we do recommend combining Bravecto with Interceptor in order to cover fleas/ticks/heartworm and intestinal parasites. There is also a coupon available off the bravetco.ca website for a mail in rebate of 15-35 dollars.